The Hysterical Roots of Psychodynamics and Psychoanalysis
by Peter Klevius (extracted from yet unpublished Homo Filius Nullius ? the illegitimate man).
The Psycho-Social Timeline etc.
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?Pathological symbiosis? like many other flimsy concepts based on psychoanalytic epistemology, might be better understood as derivable from the childhood of psychoanalysis rather than from the real life of infants.
Although there must have been a strong desire in the early 20th century, for a world interpretation replacing religion, Freud?s personal contribution should not be underestimated. Perhaps the most impressive aspect of Freud?s almost demonic creativity is the length and amount of pages in his bibliography. In his own words: ??a man like me cannot live without a hobby-horse, a consuming passion, in Schiller?s words a tyrant. I have found my tyrant, and in his service I know no limits. My tyrant is psychology?? (Origins, pp. 119-20 in F. Sulloway 1979:114). This is perfectly in line with the view that critical creativity is the symptom of social hunger typical for the secularized western man (P. Klevius 1992). This statement reveals striking (modern?) similarities with Anna Freud?s devotion to her work (see note 45).
The roots of psychodynamic psychology can be traced back to non-medical practice of exorcism. According to Ellenberger, certain features of modern dynamic therapy also point to an unmistakable affinity with primitive healing (1970:48, 101). The Enlightment, however, led to the abolishment  of exorcism altogether. Instead there evolved new ?scientific? ways of approaching the same themes. Ellenberger establishes how Franz Anton Mesmer (1734-1815), the first representative of dynamic psychotherapy, critisized his exorcist forerunner, Johann Joseph Gassner (1727-1779), for having cured by using ?animal magnetism? without actually being aware of it (1970:51-57). An other influential profile in the psychodynamic evolution was Freuds teatcher, Jean-Martin Charcot (1835-1893). His questionable diagnosis and treatment of hysteria made a strong impact on Sigmund Freud while on his stay at the Salpêtrière School in Paris. Ellenberger also refers to Pierre Janet?s notion that Charcot based his experimental analysis on a ?a very limited number of patients? among whom the primadonna, Blanche Wittmann, in Julet Janet?s investigation, turned out to be something like an actress, totally aware of what was going on while acting unconscious grande hystéria (Ellenberger 1970:89-102).
Psychoanalysis begun with hysteria but the psychoanalytic thinking may be more influenced by personal as well as local circumstances than has usually been considered. When Freud returned from Paris after his encounter with the hysteric ideas of Charcot, he was ridiculed by his colleagues and eventually found himself on the street searching for his (and his family?s[1]) living as a private practitioner like his future companion, Joseph Breuer.

[1] Anna Freud was born in 1895